c6500-2900 BC NEOLITHIC PERIOD
Domestication of plants and animals allows for permanent settlements.
c2900-2000 BC Bronze Age
Early Aegean cultures
Minoan civilization develops.
First palaces on Crete.
Volcanic eruption on Thera destroys Mycenae.
Mycenaean customs appear on Crete.
Destruction of Cretan palaces and of Priam's city at Troy (Ilium).
c1050-750 BC EARLY PERIOD
First Greek migration to west coast of Asia minor. Few written records of this time period remain. Also, this era is known as the Dark Ages of Greece.
Distinct regional cultures develop in the Aegean. Mythology evolves, and Greek language gains an alphabet.
First Olympic Games
Homer writes the Iliad and the Odyssey
c750-500 BC ARCHAIC PERIOD
Greeks search for new land for agriculture. City-states are formed throughout the Mediterranean that function as political units or polis, each ruled by a king and a council.
First Greek colonies in Sicily.
Spartans conquer southwest Peloponnese in the First Messenian War.
Lelantine war in Euboia
Anaximander dies. He is credited with writing the first philosophical treatise and making the first map of know world.